Sex and Relationship Education

Learning outcomes for Sex and Relationship Education at

Key Stage 3 and Key Stage 4 linked to the

PSHE Personal Wellbeing Programme of Study


Learning outcomes for Sex and Relationships Education for Year 7 pupils

By the end of year 7 pupils will be able to:

  • Look after their bodies during puberty including managing personal hygiene, menstruation and wet dreams
  •  Manage the range of emotional changes that take place during puberty in a positive way (including feelings of attraction to the same or opposite sex)
  • Can express emotions and empathise with others
  • Talk with and listen to peers and adults
  • Make and keep friends of the same and opposite sex
  • Be assertive amongst their peer group
  •  Use strategies to resolve disagreements peacefully
  •  Recognise stereotyping and begin to challenge it appropriately
  • Make decisions independently and resist pressure e.g. to become involved in bullying, sexual activity or smoking
  • Recognise when they and others need help and access support appropriately

By the end of year 7 pupils will know and understand

  • How the physical and emotional changes that take place at puberty affect boys and girls and that there is a range of physical development and emotional responses which are normal
  • The biological aspects of menstruation, conception and reproduction
  • How to keep physically and emotionally healthy
  •  That gender does not have to be rigidly defined (there are different ways to be male and female) and that stereotyping can have a negative impact
  • That school policy makes it clear that discrimination including homophobia, is unacceptable
  • Where to get, help including in school, family, local and national support services
  •  Young people’s rights and responsibilities
  • The school policy and guidance on confidentiality and making personal disclosure
  • How to keep themselves safe when using the internet and chat rooms

By the end of year 7 pupils will have explored / considered:

  • What makes a good friend and a positive family
  • he unacceptability of bullying
  • The fact that families are different and respect those differences

Learning outcomes for Sex and Relationships Education for Year 8 pupils

By the end of year 8 students will be able to:

  • Give and receive compliments and constructive criticism and recognise how others see them
  • Challenge all kinds of prejudice and bullying behaviour amongst peers appropriately
  •  Empathise with others including parents or carers and people different from themselves
  •  Be assertive and negotiate positive peer relationships
  •  Seek appropriate help and support for themselves and friends when needed
  • Think critically on health-related issues to support positive decision-making
  •  Recognise and manage the emotions associated with the changing nature of relationships with peers and within families, including because of divorce and bereavement
  • Present their personal values and beliefs appropriately

By the end of year 8 pupils will know and understand:

  • The names of the different parts of the sexual organs and their functions
  •  Basic information about conception, contraception, the range of safer sexual practices and the risks of early sexual activity
  •  How the media influences attitudes to health and health behaviour
  • The concept of sexual orientation as a spectrum which includes homosexual, bisexual and heterosexual and that everyone will identify as being somewhere on this spectrum and that their position may change
  • The importance of caring relationships and positive friendships for everybody
  •  The age of consent for all sexual orientations and that most young people do not have sex before they are 16
  •  The risks related to alcohol use

By the end of year 8 students will have explored / considered

  • How our physical, mental, sexual or emotional health can affect our lives 1The need for commitment, trust and love in meaningful relationships, including marriage and civil partnership
  • What influences their own behaviour, choices and self-image
  • Issues related to gender and sexual orientation including sexism, homophobia, bi-phobia and transphobia
  • When young people may be ready for sexual activity and the benefits of delaying first sex (for all sexualities)
  •  Risk-taking, including the consequences of their personal choices on themselves and other

Learning outcomes for Sex and Relationships Education for Year 9 pupils

By the end of year 9 students will be able to:

  •  Recognise when pressure from others threatens their personal safety and wellbeing
  •  Use assertive skills to resist pressure
  •   Recognise that actions have consequences, and when and how to make compromises
  •  Negotiate within all forms of relationships including the use of condoms and delaying sexual activity
  •  Challenge prejudice, stereotyping and discrimination including homophobia, bi-phobia and transphobia
  •  Access appropriate support services when needed
  •   Take responsibility for their own health, safety and behaviour towards others now and in the future

By the end of year 9 students will know and understand

  •  Different methods of contraception, including emergency contraception, and where to access them
  •   How HIV and STIs, including Chlamydia are transmitted, how they can be treated and where to get tested
  •   How to use a condom correctly
  • The facts about abortion
  •  The impact of bullying, prejudice and discrimination including homophobia, bi-phobia and transphobia
  •  The risks and effects of alcohol and illegal drug use

By the end of year 9 students will have explored / considered

  • The changing nature of, and pressure on, relationships with friends and family, including the responsibilities of having children
  •  Attitudes towards risk-taking and personal safety, including the use of the internet
  •  Their own self-esteem and how they could develop it
  •  The importance of self-respect and what makes a respectful relationship
  •  Religious views on contraception
  •  Prejudice, discrimination and stigma including that faced by people living with HIV
  •  How their own personal life experiences and circumstances have impacted on and shaped their lives, and how this is
  • different for everyone (for example growing up lesbian, gay or bisexual, being a carer)

Learning outcomes for Sex and Relationships Education for Year 10 pupils

By the end of year 10 students will be able to:

  • Talk about relationships, including sexual relationships, and feelings to a parent or carer, friend or partner, support or counselling service
  •   Negotiate the relationships and friendships that they want and make them feel good (inclusive of all sexual orientations within the spectrum of sexuality)
  •   Manage praise and criticism in a positive way
  •  Challenge prejudice, bullying, homophobia, bi-phobia and transphobia effectively
  •  Use assertiveness skills to resist unhelpful pressure and negotiation skills to keep themselves safe
  •  Assess situations for risk
  •   Seek confidential health advice from advisory and support agencies if needed
  • Support friends in accessing the help they might need

By the end of year 10 students will know and understand:

  • The range of contraceptive choices available including longer-acting reversible contraceptives
  • The long and short term consequences of unprotected sex and about safer choices they can make including delaying sex until they are genuinely ready
  •  The health risks of alcohol, tobacco and other drug use related to sexual activity and pregnancy
  •  How to access sexual health and support services including overcoming possible barriers to access
  • The options available for unplanned pregnancy including abortion and the realities of life for young parents
  •  A range of methods for keeping themselves and others safe

 By the end of year 10 students will have explored / considered:

  • Their personal identity and personal assumptions about people who are different
  • The issues of coming out as a lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgendered young person
  • The impact of self-esteem and self-confidence on personal relationships
  •  Why loving and caring are important to relationships
  •  The benefits of a stable marriage or partnership in bringing up children
  •  The arguments around legal and moral issues such as abortion, contraception and the age of consent
  •  Attitudes to and possible consequences of binge-drinking
  •  Rights and responsibilities in sexual relationships

Learning outcomes for Sex and Relationships Education for Year 11 pupils

By the end of year 11 students will be able to:

  • Have the skills and confidence to stand up for their beliefs and choices
  •  Show respect and empathy for others and advocate for those who are vulnerable
  •  Identify and manage the depth of feelings within close relationships
  •   Make informed choices about aspects of their lifestyle which would promote wellbeing and healthy relationships including delaying or stopping sexual intercourse
  •  Recognise the influences and pressures, including from the media, around sexual behaviour and respond appropriately
  •  Take responsibility for personal behaviour including seeking professional advice confidently
  •  Identify how the effective management of feelings and emotions supports decision-making and risk management

By the end of year 11 students will know and understand:

  • What domestic and dating violence in all relationships means and the impact on emotional health and wellbeing and positive sexual health
  •  The link between eating disorders and self-image
  • Where to find information, advice and services such as Chlamydia screening
  • The statutory and voluntary organisations that offer support in human relationships e.g.


By the end of year 11 students will have explored / considered:

  •   What makes a healthy (sexual) relationship and readiness for a sexual relationship
  •  Their developing sense of sexual identity and feel confident and comfortable with
  • That people have different needs in relationships and respect these
  •  The consequences of close relationships including having children and how this will create family ties which impact on their lives and those of others
  •   The issues relating to the use of the internet, including pornography
  •  Power and exploitation in personal relationship